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Assessment and Grades

Students are required to sit examinations for all courses. All examinations at Danish higher education institutions are assessed and graded not only by the teacher, but also by an examiner who, in the case of at least one third of all examinations, must be external. The external examiners are responsible for assuring the same standards for all examinations at a national level, and thus for their quality. After completion of a full programme, the student is awarded a diploma, transcript etc.

According to Danish legislation four types of examination exist: Written, oral, practice-based, and active course participation. Since oral examinations are an unusual exam form outside Scandinavia, this section of the website will explain the oral exam form in more detail. Oral examinations are as variable an exam form as are written exams. Parameters are for example whether the student has produced a written report or synopsis to be defended orally; if there are one or several questions to answer; if there is a text or a case to analyze; and if there is a certain amount of preparation time before the actual examination, etc.

Oral exams have strong sides and weaknesses just as other exam forms. The strength is primarily that the examiner can ask supplementary questions. It makes it possible to assess and evaluate the student’s knowledge, skills, competences and ability to interact more justly.

It is challenging for teachers to do oral exams; it demands knowledge and experience to develop a strategy for the total examination time for each student (examined individually or in groups), for asking good, relevant and understandable questions; and it demands knowledge about the pitfalls connected to this form of examination.

For more information on oral exams, please see the extract of the book Eksamen og Eksamensformer: betydning og bedømmelse (Exam and exam forms: implications and evaluation), where the authors treat a number of themes which are important for the actual conduct of oral exams.

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Revised 2013.10.17